Dans cet article publié dans la revue “Les Grands Dossiers de Diplomatie” Jean-Christophe GOUGEON et Christophe JURCZAK présentent l’écosystème du quantique en France, Le Lab Quantique et le startups associées, les atouts nationaux mais aussi les risques a ne pas prendre le train en marche rapidement.
The Paris Region quantum ecosystem is extremely rich in academic groups, startups, expertise and talents, and also global companies that are prospective customers for technologies that have the potential to disrupt many sectors, be it Finance, Automotive or Biopharma. The Region has been funding programs in support of academic groups for many years (SIRTEQ) and has now decided to shift gears and support also actors downstream in the value chain, technology developers (hardware and software) and end-users with an ambitious new programme called PAck Quantique (PAQ).
Valérie Pécresse, President of the Paris Region Council, declared: “we wish to continue to position the Paris Region as the leading region in the world on quantum. We have decided to fund the PAQ programme with 1.5 million euros over 3 years, starting with 0.6 million euros in 2020 for 3 projects including a collaboration between the EDF group and the startup Pasqal ”.
PAQ funding will go to projects tackling major industrial challenges associating, on the one hand, actors of the Paris Region quantum ecosystem that is extremely rich in startups, expertise, talents and global companies leading adoption of quantum technologies, and on the other hand quantum computing resources provided in the short term by the startup Pasqal and in the longer term a future European high performance quantum / hybrid computing infrastructure provisioned by GENCI, a public company working to increase the use of High Performance Computing (HPC) for boosting competitiveness within the French economy, across all scientific and industrial fields. Le Lab Quantique and GENCI will ensure that the whole ecosystem benefits from the funded projects, with the conviction that now is a time for fruitful and original collaborative approaches, until quantum advantage will be reached for real life applications.
The first 3 projects are the following:
- AQUARE associating Pasqal (neutral atoms based quantum computing) and giant utility EDF on smart mobility and optimization of charging of shared e-vehicles fleet
- AQCMED associating Qubit Pharmaceuticals and Pasqal on drug discovery and accelerated computational drug design workflows in hybrid HPC / QC architectures
- AQMuSE associating the French branch of US based QCWare and energy company Total to address generalized pooling problems in logistics
Qubit Pharmaceuticals and EDF will have guaranteed early access to Pasqal’s world leading 100+ qubits quantum processor as early as 2021.
Christophe Jurczak, President of the association Le Lab Quantique, declared: “We are very happy to be associated to the PAck Quantique, a unique initiative in the world which aims to drastically reduce the obstacles that limit today – even beyond pure performance of pilot quantum processors – co-developments between technology providers (hardware and software) and customers intended to benefit from quantum acceleration. This is a first step and, with GENCI, we are working on an ambitious project to federate most actors of the Paris ecosystem in a place downtown Paris – La Maison du Quantique – to create synergies, benefit from shared space and infrastructures, to accelerate the emergence of a quantum industry“
We had the pleasure to hear:
– Professor Irfan SIDDIQI (UC Berkeley, LBNL). Irfan leads the Advanced Quantum Testbed that focuses on superconducting quantum computing technologies and has recently taken the direction of the new DOE funded Quantum Systems Accelerator.
– Cameron FOREMAN (Cambridge Quantum Computing). CQC launched recently the first cloud-based Quantum Random Number Generator service with verification.
– Michel KUREK (Ecole Polytechnique). Michel made an introduction to his recently published and very documented report on patents, scientific publications and VC funding in Quantum technologies.
Jean-Christophe Gougeon and Christophe Jurczak from Le Lab Quantique explain why new practices are needed to support the emergence of the quantum ecosystem. In French.
We had the great pleasure to host:
– Michele MOSCA, professor at the Institute for Quantum Computing at University of Waterloo and co-founder of EvolutionQ, about quantum-safe data and communications security and his experience as an entrepreneur ;
– Itamar SIVAN, CEO of Quantum Machines (Israel, US), on a mission to revolutionize computing. He told us about his company’s technology, Quantum Orchestration, and how he sees the future of Quantum Computing.
– Jane GARRETT, Director of QTEC (Quantum Technology Enterprise Center) at University of Bristol (UK) and Maria PAWLOWSKA, Director at Visnea (Poland), debated on the construction of the Quantum Ecosystem with our own Robert MARINO